* Today in Black History - August 12 * 1890 - The Mississippi Constitutional Convention begins systematic exclusion of African Americans from political life of the South, August 12-November 1. The Mississippi Plan (Literacy and "understanding tests") is later adopted with embellishments by other states: South Carolina (1895), Louisiana (1898), North Carolina (1900), Alabama (1901), Virginia (1901), Georgia (1908), Oklahoma (1910). Southern states will later use "white primaries" and other devices to exclude African American voters. 1891 - Annie Wilson Lillian Evans (later Tibbs) is born in Washington, DC. As Damme Lillian Evanti (a contraction of her maiden name and that of her husband, Roy W. Tibbs), she will become a world-famous opera star who debuts in France with the Paris Opera and performs in the United States and 11 countries on three continents. She will also become one of the founders of the National Negro Opera Company. She will join the ancestors on December 6, 1967. 1922 - Frederick Douglass' home in Washington, DC is dedicated as a National Historic Site. The effort is led by Nannie Burroughs, Hallie Q. Brown, and other members of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs. 1923 - Emma Ophelia DeVore (later Mitchell) is born in Edgefield, South Carolina. She will be a pioneering force in opening the modeling field to African Americans through her founding of the Grace Del Marco Model Agency and the Ophelia DeVore School of Self-Development and Modeling. In 1989, she will be featured in Brian Lanker's "I Dream a World," a collection of portraits and biographies of black women who helped change America. In 2004, she will be honored by the Fashion Institute of Technology and the Fashion Arts Xchange, Inc. for her contributions to fashion and entertainment. She will also be the CEO and publisher of The Columbus Times Newspaper in Columbus, Georgia. She will join the ancestors on February 28, 2014. 1933 - Camille Billops is born in Los Angeles, California. She will become a painter, archivist, sculptor, ceramist, and filmmaker and have solo exhibitions in the United States, Russia, Europe, Africa, and the Far East. Her primary medium will be sculpture and later will turn her eye to filmmaking. She will direct and produce "Suzanne, Suzanne, " "Older Women and Love," "Finding Christa" and "The KKK Boutique Ain't Just Rednecks." Her awards will include: a Fellowship from The Huntington Hartford Foundation in 1963, a MacDowell Colony Fellowship in 1975, The International Women's Year Award for 1975-6, and The James Van Der Zee Award, Brandywine Graphic Workshop, in 1994. Her works will be in the permanent collections of the Studio Museum of Harlem, Photographers Gallery, London, and The Museum of Drawers, Bern, Switzerland. She will exhibit in one-woman and group exhibitions worldwide since 1965 including: Gallerie Akhenaton, Cairo, Egypt, Hamburg, Germany; Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Gimpel and Weitzenhoffer Gallery and The New Museum of Contemporary Art, N.Y.; and El Museo de Arte Moderno La Tertulia, Cali, Columbia. She and her husband James Hatch, Professor of English at CCNY, will co-found the Hatch-Billops Archives of Black American Cultural History. The archives, housed in New York City, is a collection of visual materials, oral histories, and thousands of books chronicling black artists in the visual and performing arts. 1960 - Ralph Boston of the United States, sets the long jump record at 26' 11". 1964 - A racially motivated disturbance occurs in Elizabeth, New Jersey and lasts for two days. 1965 - A racially motivated disturbance occurs on the west side of Chicago, Illinois and will last three days. 1965 - Jonathan M. Daniels, a white Episcopal seminary student from Massachusetts, is killed and Richard F. Morrisroe, a white Roman Catholic priest from Chicago, is seriously wounded by shotgun blasts fired by white special deputy sheriffs in Hayneville, Alabama. They were participating in civil rights demonstrations in Lowndes County, Alabama. 1977 - Stephen Biko, leader of the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa, is arrested. He will join the ancestors after succumbing to injuries from beatings after his arrest in police custody. ______________________________________________________________ Munirah Chronicle is edited by Mr. Rene' A. Perry "The TRUTH shall make you free"