* Today in Black History - June 1 * 1835 - The Fifth National Negro Convention recommends that Blacks remove the word "African" from the titles of their organizations and discontinue referring to themselves as "colored." 1843 - Sojourner Truth leaves New York and begins her career as an anti-slavery activist. 1868 - The Texas constitutional convention convenes in Austin with eighty-one whites and nine African Americans in attendance. 1868 - The Florida General Assembly meets in Tallahassee with fifty-seven whites and nineteen African Americans in attendance. 1868 - Solomon George Washington Dill, white ally of African American Republicans, is assassinated in his home by white terrorists. Dill had allegedly made "incendiary speeches" to South Carolina African Americans. 1921 - A major race riot occurs in the Greenwood section of Tulsa, Oklahoma. Twenty-one whites and sixty African Americans will be killed according to some sources. The destruction caused in the area referred to as "Black Wall Street," prompts the first American Red Cross response to a man- made disaster. The Red Cross will report that 1115 houses and businesses belonging to African Americans were burned down, and another 314 were looted. Their statistics will also show that 300 persons were killed, a much higher figure than chronicled by other historical sources. For more information about the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921, go to http://www.informationman.com/blkwallst.htm 1921 - Paul Raymond Jones is born in Bessemer, Alabama. He will become a major collector of African American art. During the early 1960’s, he will decide to purchase his first three paintings forming the beginning of his collection. They were by artists, Toulouse-Lautrec, Degas, and Chagall. After collecting for a couple of years, he will realize that African American art was “abundant and affordable” yet hardly ever represented in the collections of museums. As the years pass, his collection of African American art and his reputation will grow. His collection will be featured at several different museums over the course of his lifetime. Currently, the Paul R. Jones Collection resides at the University of Delaware where it is a tool to educate and foster enjoyment. The University of Alabama will also establish an art collection in his name after receiving some 1,700 pieces valued at $5 million in 2008. He will join the ancestors on January 26, 2010. 1935 - Frederick Eikerenkoetter is born in Ridgeland, South Carolina. He will receive a B.A. in Theology from the American Bible College in Chicago, Illinois in 1955 and become a minister better known as "Reverend Ike." He will be the first African American minister with a television show and will report a following of close to 7,000,000 by 1982. 1937 - Morgan Freeman is born in Memphis, Tennessee. Making his acting debut in an all African American cast of "Hello Dolly" in 1968, Freeman will also have a major role in the television program "The Electric Company" before breaking into movies. He will receive an Academy Award nomination for his role in "Street Smart," and star in "Clean and Sober" and Lean on Me." He will be nominated again for a supporting role in "Glory" and for his starring role in "Driving Miss Daisy." He will make his directing debut in 1993 with the film, "Bopha," a drama set in South Africa under the policy of apartheid. 1941 - The first African American tank battalion, the 758th, is activated. 1942 - The Marine Corps begins enlistment of African Americans at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. 1948 - Johnny Lee "Sonny Boy" Williamson joins the ancestors in Chicago, Illinois at the age of 34 after being murdered on the front steps of his home. He was a master of the blues harmonica and transformed the instrument from a novelty into a major component of Chicago-style blues. He will be inducted into the Blues Foundation's Hall of Fame in 1980. 1966 - Approximately 2,400 persons attend a White House Conference on Civil Rights. 1973 - WGPR-TV (Channel 62) in Detroit, Michigan, is granted a permit to operate. It is the first television station owned by African Americans. 1997 - Betty Shabazz, widow of Malcolm X, is fatally burned in a fire set by her 12-year-old grandson in her Yonkers, New York, apartment.
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Munirah Chronicle is edited by Rene' A. Perry