Today in Black History 10/9

Today in Black History - October 9             *

1823 - Mary Ann Shadd (later Cary) is born free in Wilmington, 
	Delaware, the eldest of thirteen children.  She will 
	become the publisher of Canada's first anti-slavery 
	newspaper, "The Provincial Freeman", devoted to displaced
	African Americans living in Canada. This also makes her 
	the first woman in North America to publish and edit a 
	newspaper.  She will then become a teacher, establishing 
	or teaching in schools for African Americans in 
	Wilmington, Delaware, West Chester, Pennsylvania, New 
	York, Morristown, New Jersey, and Canada. She will also
	be the first woman to speak at a national Negro 
	convention. In 1869, she will embark on her second 
	career, becoming the first woman to enter Howard 
	University's law school. She will become the first 
	African American woman to obtain a law degree and among 
	the first women in the United States to do so.  She will 
	join the ancestors in 1893.

1894 - Eugene Jacques Bullard is born in Columbus, Georgia.  

1906 - Leopold Senghor is born in Joal, Senegal, French West 
	Africa (now in Senegal).  He will become a poet and 
	president of Senegal from 1960 to 1980.  Senghor will 
	attempt to modernize Senegal's agriculture, instill a 
	sense of enlightened citizenship, combat corruption and 
	inefficiency, forge closer ties with his African 
	neighbors, and continue cooperation with the French. He 
	will advocate an African socialism based on African 
	realities, free of both atheism and excessive 
	materialism. He will seek an open, democratic, 
	humanistic socialism that shunned such slogans as 
	"dictatorship of the proletariat." A vigorous spokesman
	for the Third World, he will protest unfair terms of 
	trade that work to the disadvantage of the agricultural
	nations. In 1984, Senghor will be inducted into the 
	French Academy, becoming the first Black member in that 
	body's history. 

1929 - Ernest "Dutch" Morial is born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
	He will become the first African American mayor of New 
	Orleans in 1978 and be re-elected in 1982.

1940 - The White House releases a statement which says that 
	government "policy is not to intermingle colored and 
	white enlisted personnel in the same regimental 
	organizations."	

1959 - Mike Singletary is born in Houston, Texas.  He will 
	become a second-round draft pick for the Chicago Bears 
	in 1981.  He will be the first or second leading tackler
	for each of his eleven seasons. Over his career he will 
	amass 1488 tackles (885 solo), 51 passes defended, 13 
	fumble recoveries, and 7 interceptions.  He will be an
	All-NFC selection nine straight years from 1983-1991, 
	will be selected to ten consecutive Pro Bowls, and 
	Defensive Player of the Year in 1985 and 1988. He will 
	be enshrined in the Football Hall of Fame in 1998.

1961 - Tanganyika becomes independent within the British 
	Commonwealth.

1962 - Uganda gains its independence from Great Britain. 

1963 - Uganda becomes a republic within the British Commonwealth. 

1989 - The first NFL game with a team coached by an African 
	American, Art Shell, takes place as his Los Angeles 
	Raiders beat the New York Jets 14-7 on Monday Night 
	Football.

1999 - Milt Jackson, a jazz vibraphonist who made the instrument 
	sing like the human voice as a longtime member of the 
	Modern Jazz Quartet, joins the ancestors at the age of 
	76.  He succumbs to liver cancer in a Manhattan hospital.

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