Paul Laurence Dunbar

paul-laurence-dunbar-ca-1896

Paul Laurence Dunbar was born in Dayton, Ohio (June 27, 1872 – February 9, 1906) to ex-slaves from Kentucky.  Poet and author, Paul Laurence Dunbar, joins the ancestors after succumbing to tuberculosis at the young age of 33 years old. Dunbar was so talented and versatile that he succeeded in two worlds. He was so adept at writing verse in Black English that he became known as the “poet of his people,” while also cultivating a white audience that appreciated the brilliance and value of his work.  “Majors and Minors” (1895), Dunbar’s second collection of verse, was a remarkable work containing some of his best poems in both Black and standard English. When the country’s reigning literary critic, William Dean Howells reviewed “Majors and Minors” favorably, Dunbar became famous. And Howells’ introduction in “Lyric of Lowly Life” (1896) helped make Dunbar the most popular African American writer in America at the time.  Dunbar will join the ancestors after succumbing to tuberculosis on February 9, 1906. The U.S. Postal Service will issue a commemorative stamp in his honor on May 1, 1975.

Munirah Chronicle is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry
“The TRUTH shall make you free”

Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable

 

 

1779 – Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, an explorer of African descent,
from Santo Domingo (Haiti), builds the first permanent
settlement at the mouth of the river, just east of the present
Michigan Avenue Bridge on the north bank, of what is now the
city of Chicago, Illinois.

Chicago, Chi-town.  My aunt describe Chicago as “Chi-town, no other like it” in describing her home.

Munirah(TM) is a trademark of Information Man. Copyright 1997 - 2016,
All Rights Reserved by the Information Man in association with
The Black Agenda.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Happy Birthday Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

January 15, 1929 to April 4,  1968

 

mlk-lorraine balcony

Our nation will celebrate Dr Martin Luther King Jr. Day on the first convenient Monday that means if his birthday doesn’t fall on a Monday it will be the next Monday.  I am so proud that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. has a holiday.  His holiday is a well deserved holiday as one of those great men who have historically changed America.

 

Black History December 8th

Sammy Davis Jr  Happy Birthday

1925 – Samuel George “Sammy” Davis Jr. is born in New York City. He will
begin his career at the age of four in vaudeville, performing
with his father. Sammy will star on Broadway in “Mr. Wonderful”
and in movies with “Porgy and Bess”, “Ocean’s Eleven,” and “Robin
and the Seven Hoods.” He will release over 40 albums and will
win many gold records. He will be awarded the Spingarn Medal by
the NAACP and nominated for a Golden Globe Award and an Emmy
Award for his television performances. He will be the recipient
of the Kennedy Center Honors in 1987, and in 2001, he will be
posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. He
will join the ancestors on May 16, 1990 after succumbing to throat
cancer.

excerpt from Munirah(TM) is a trademark of Information Man. Copyright 1997 – 2016,  All Rights Reserved by the Information Man in association with The Black Agenda.

Black History December 5

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 5, 1955 was the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott.  The boycott was a social and political protest against racial segregation in Montgomery, Alabama bus system.  This was a very important action of Black solidarity the Monday after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus. Did you know, Rosa Parks history included being told by white bus driver to board at the back then he drove off without letting her through back door. Yes, Rosa Parks had that experience of being treated poorly like others and probably many more experiences that destined her action.

Before the boycott, Blacks were to sit in the back of the bus and had to give up their seat if a white person needed one.  Some white drivers mistreated their Black passengers and would short-change them and leave them stranded. Some believe the bus drivers acted this way because of the Brown vs Board of Education leading some to join the White Citizens Council(white supremacists). Another example of concerted racial efforts is the Jim Crow laws, the bus ridership was 75% Black but the bus system did not employ Black drivers.

A federal law suit filed in U. S. District Court ruled that “the enforced segregation of black and white passengers on motor buses operating in the City of Montgomery violates the Constitution and laws of the United States” because the conditions deprived people of equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment (Wikipedia). On June 13, 1956, the U. S. District Court ordered Alabama and Montgomery from continuing to operate segregated buses.  Of course, the decision was appealed by the state and city and heard in the Supreme Court. On November 13, 1956 the Supreme Court upheld District Court ruling and ordered Alabama and Montgomery to desegregate the bus system.  It was not upheld until on December 20, 1956 when federal Marshalls delivered the order to desegregate.

 

 

 

 

Black History November 8th

 

*           Today in Black History – November 8             *

Esther Rolle

1920 – Esther Rolle is born in Pompano Beach, Florida. She
will become an actress, primarily on television. She
will win an Emmy Award for her role in “Summer of My
German Soldier”. She will be best-known, however, for
her role as Florida, in the television sit-com, “Good
Times.” Even though she will play characters who
worked as maids, off-stage, she will be a tireless
crusader against black stereotypes in Hollywood. She
will join the ancestors in 1998 at the age of 78.
Editor’s Note: At the time of her transition, her
manager will give her date of birth as November 8,
1920, though some references list the year as 1922.

Robert R Moton

1932 – The NAACP’s Spingarn Medal is awarded to Robert R. Moton,
president of Tuskegee Institute, for his “thoughtful
leadership in conservative opinion and action.”

Crystal Bird Fauset

1938 – Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia, is elected to the
Pennsylvania House of Representatives. She is the first
African American woman elected to a state legislature.

Minnie Riperton and daughter Maya Rudolph

1947 – Minnie Ripperton is born in Chicago, Illinois. She will
study opera under Marion Jeffrey. She will spend months
and months learning how to breathe and listening to and
holding vowels. Eventually, she will begin singing
operas and operettas with a show tune every so often.
Despite her natural talent (a pure five to six octave
soprano) for opera, Minnie will be more attracted to
“Rock N Roll” and the promise of a touring career. She
will eventually discontinue her classical training to
follow her dream of becoming a famous songstress. It
will, however, be her classical training which will
bring her recording success. She will be best known for
her recording of “Loving You.” She will join the
ancestors on July 12, 1979 at the age of 31 after
succumbing to breast cancer.  Maya Rudolph, SNL star, is her

daughter.
Alfre Woodard

1953 – Alfre Woodard is born in Tulsa, Oklahoma. She will
become an actress after her education at Boston
University, School of Fine Arts. She will receive a
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Television
Miniseries/Movie, an Emmy Award for Best Actress, as
well as ACE and Screen Actors Guild Awards for Best
Actress for her performance in the 1997 HBO original
movie, “Miss Evers’ Boys.” Woodard’s many feature
film credits include “Star Trek: First Contact,”
“Heart and Souls,” “Primal Fear” opposite Richard Gere,
the ensemble film “How to Make An American Quilt,” Spike
Lee’s family drama, Crooklyn,” Dr. Maya Angelou’s “Down
in the Delta” starring Wesley Snipes, and “Passionfish,”
for which she will receive a 1998 Golden Globe Nomination
for Best Actress. In 1984, she will receive an Academy
Award nomination for her performance in Martin Ritt’s
“Cross Creek.”

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   Excerpt from:   Munirah Chronicle is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry

September 27th Black History

Happy Birthday Hiram Rhodes Revels

Hiram R. Revels, is born free in Fayetteville, North Carolina, September 27, 1822. He will become a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), a Republican politician, and college administrator. He will live and work in Ohio, where he will vote before the Civil War. He will be elected as the first African American to serve in the United States Senate, and will be the first African American to serve in the U.S.Congress. He will represent Mississippi in the Senate in 1870 and 1871 during the Reconstruction era. During the American Civil War, he will help to organize two regiments of the United States Colored Troops and serve as a chaplain. After serving in the Senate, he will be appointed as the first president of Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College (now Alcorn State University), 1871-1873 and 1876 to 1882. He will then serve again as a minister. He will join the ancestors on January 16, 1901.

Expert from Munirah Chronicle is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry
“The TRUTH shall make you free”