1899 – African Americans observe a day of fasting called by the National Afro-American Council to protest lynchings and racial massacres.
Wikipedia excerpt: National Afro-American Council
The National Afro-American Council, the first nationwide civil rights organization in the United States, was created in 1898 in Rochester, New York. Before its dissolution a decade later, the Council provided both the first national arena for discussion of critical issues for African Americans and a training ground for some of the nation’s most famous civil rights leaders in the 1910s, 1920s, and beyond.
The first time America seen a Black man being beaten savagely by police was March 3, 1991. Rodney King. Then April 17, 1993, A federal jury in Los Angeles convicts two former police officers of violating the civil rights of beaten. excerpt from Munirah.
The Breakfast Program started in 1969 because there was a need to feed children before school. Who started the first program to feed children before school? The Black Panther Party for Self Defense was found in October 1961. Black Panther Party was co-founded by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale to address police brutality in the Black community of Oakland, Ca. From History website: The program was simple: party members and volunteers went to local grocery stores to solicit donations, consulted with nutritionists on healthful breakfast. That started with a handful of kids and increased to hundreds. Other Black Panther Party offices in different parts of the country adopted the Breakfast Program too and was successful.
The Black Panther Party did not receive credit for the positive effort to feed children breakfast before school. Media and the powers-that-be wanted to paint the Black Panther Party in the worst light possible generating fear of Black men with large Afros and guns shouting “Black Power.” The head of the FBI, J Edgar Hoover, declared war on the Black Panther Party and stated the Breakfast Program is, “… potentially the greatest threat to efforts by authorities to neutralize the BPP and destroy what it stands for,” and allowed law enforcement to destroy the program. The Breakfast Program was so successful the government initiated breakfast program shortly after the demise of the Black Panther Party Breakfast Program.
1869 – William Mercer Cook (later Will Marion Cook), who will become a noted composer and conductor, is born in Washington, DC. Beginning study of the violin at age 13, at 15 he will win a scholarship to study at the Oberlin Conservatory. Among other accomplishments, he will introduce syncopated ragtime to New York City theatergoers in his operetta “Clorinda.” In 1890, he will become director of a chamber orchestra touring the East Coast. He will prepare Scenes from the Opera of Uncle Tom’s Cabin for performance. The performance, which is to take place at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893, is cancelled. “Clorindy; or, The Origin of the Cakewalk” — a musical sketch comedy in collaboration with Paul Laurence Dunbar — is the next piece he will compose, in 1898. It will be the first all-Black show to play in a prestigious Broadway house, Casino Theatre’s Roof Garden. After this period, he will be composer-in-chief and musical director for the George Walker-Bert Williams Company. As he continues to write, he will produce many successful musicals. Best known for his songs, he will use folk elements in an original and distinct manner. Many of these songs will first appear in his musicals. The songs will be written for choral groups or for solo singers. Some are published in “A Collection of Negro Songs” (1912). Later in his career, he will be an active choral and orchestral conductor. He will produce several concerts and organize many choral societies in both New York and in Washington, DC. The New York Syncopated Orchestra, that he creates, will tour the United States in 1918 and then go to England in 1919 for a command performance for King George V. Among his company will be assistant director Will Tyers, jazz clarinetist Sidney Bechet, and Cook’s wife, Abbie Mitchell. One of his last shows will be “Swing Along” (1929), written with Will Vodery. He will join the ancestors on July 19, 1944.
1894 – Frederick Douglass ‘Fritz’ Pollard is born in Chicago, Illinois. He will become a football star at Brown University in 1915 and lead them to the first Rose Bowl game, played on January 1, 1916. This will make him the first African American to play in the Rose Bowl. He will also become the first African American named an All-American. After leaving Brown University, he will become one of the first African Americans to play professional football and will become the first African American quarterback and the first African American head coach, both with the NFL Akron Indians. When the NFL bans African American players from its ranks in 1933, Pollard will organize the first African American professional football team, the Brown Bombers of Harlem. After fifteen years in professional football, Pollard will establish the first all African American investment company in the country, and run New York City’s first African American tabloid newspaper. He will also be involved in the production of some of America’s first all-African American movies. He will join the ancestors on May 11, 1986.
1914 – The United States Marines disembark from the USS Montana in Haiti. This occupation becomes official on July 28, 1915 on the authority of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson and will continue until 1934. Americans will serve as officials of the Haitian government and control its finances, police force, and public works.
1930 – Robert Calvin Brooks (Bobby ‘Blue’ Bland) is born in Rosemark, Tennessee. He will become a singer and start his career as a member of The Beale Streeters with Johnny Ace. He will become a solo artist with the Malaco label and record “That’s the Way Love Is,” “Call on Me,” “Turn on Your Love Light,” and “Ain’t Nothin’ You Can Do.” Along with such artists as Sam Cooke, Ray Charles, and Junior Parker, he will develope a sound that mixes gospel with the Blues and Rhythm & Blues. He will be inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1981, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992, and receive the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997. He will join the ancestors on June 23, 2013.
1942 – John Weatherspoon (later John Witherspoon) is born in Detroit, Michigan. He will become an actor and comedian who will perform in dozens of television shows and films. Best known for his role as Willie Jones for the Friday series, he will also star in films such as Hollywood Shuffle (1987), Boomerang (1992) and Vampire In Brooklyn (1995). He will also make appearances on television shows such as The Wayans Bros. (1995–99), The Tracy Morgan Show (2003), Barnaby Jones (1973), The Boondocks (2005–present), The Five Heartbeats (1991) and Black Jesus (2014). He will write a film, From the Old School, in which he will play an elderly working man who tries to prevent a neighborhood convenience store from being developed into a strip club. He will join the ancestors on October 29, 2019 at the age of 77.
1952 – Ralph Ellison’s powerful novel “Invisible Man” wins the National Book Award.
1961 – Leontyne Price makes her debut at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City. She sings in the role of Leonora in “Il Trovatore”. Price is the seventh African American singer to make a debut at the Met. Marian Anderson will be the first in 1955.
1972 – Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer, joins the ancestors in Evergreen Park, Illinois at the age of 60. Born in New Orleans, Louisiana, she began her singing career with the Salem Baptist Choir in Chicago, Illinois. She achieved national fame with her recording of “Move on Up A Little Higher,” which sold over a million copies. Many considered her rich contralto voice the best in gospel music.
1972 – In Columbia, South Carolina, the white and African American United Methodist conferences of South Carolina — separated since the Civil War — vote in their respective meetings to adopt a plan of union.
1984 – Carl Lewis betters his own two-year-old record by 9-1/4 inches when he sets a new, world, indoor-record with a long jump mark of 28 feet, 10-1/4 inches in New York City.
1984 – Singer Michael Jackson’s hair catches on fire during the filming of a Pepsi commercial in Los Angeles at the Shrine Auditorium. Pyrotechnics did not operate on cue, injuring the singer. Jackson is hospitalized for a few days and fans from around the world send messages of concern.
2016 – Alyce Dixon, the oldest female veteran of World War II, joins the ancestors at the Washington DC Veteran Affairs Medical Center at the age of 108. She served in the postal service as part of the 6888th Battalion in Scotland, England and France. After leaving the Army in 1946, she will work for the Census Bureau and the Pentagon, where she served as a purchasing agent. She will retire from government service in 1973.
Munirah Chronicle is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry “The TRUTH shall make you free”
It’s a pretty bad day when world leaders denounce your behavior. President Trump is accused of starting a insurrection.
What is a insurrection?
Merriam Webster says itsan act or instance of revolting against civil authority or an established government.
President Trump has been relentless in pursuing the change of elections results across the country. The day came to certify the electoral votes in Congress and there was obvious plans to protest the process inside and out. As a American citizen I am appalled by the actions of this President and the insurrection actions by his supporters. I thought that was wrong but to see the confederate flag in this melee breaks my heart. The symbol of racism and danger for any Black American whose history includes slavery was waving in the air with white pride on display for the world to see. Racism in American is a live and well and thriving under President Trump.
As the year 2020 is coming to an end we should stay on course to change and break down systems that exist that holds Black Americans from success. This is the time to come together as a race that has endured slave history, fought for “civil” rights that are granted others but not us and the right to be successful. Activist Michelle Alexander, author of “The New Jim Crow” explains a system in place to disenfranchise the Black man.
December 13, 1903 – Ella Baker is born in Norfolk, Virginia. A civil rights worker who will direct the New York branch of the NAACP, Baker will become executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in the 1960’s during student integration of lunch counters in the southern states. She also will play a key role in the formation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and its voter registration drive in Mississippi. She will join the ancestors on December 13, 1986 in New York City.
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