Paul Laurence Dunbar was born in Dayton, Ohio (June 27, 1872 – February 9, 1906) to ex-slaves from Kentucky. Poet and author, Paul Laurence Dunbar, joins the ancestors after succumbing to tuberculosis at the young age of 33 years old. Dunbar was so talented and versatile that he succeeded in two worlds. He was so adept at writing verse in Black English that he became known as the “poet of his people,” while also cultivating a white audience that appreciated the brilliance and value of his work. “Majors and Minors” (1895), Dunbar’s second collection of verse, was a remarkable work containing some of his best poems in both Black and standard English. When the country’s reigning literary critic, William Dean Howells reviewed “Majors and Minors” favorably, Dunbar became famous. And Howells’ introduction in “Lyric of Lowly Life” (1896) helped make Dunbar the most popular African American writer in America at the time. Dunbar will join the ancestors after succumbing to tuberculosis on February 9, 1906. The U.S. Postal Service will issue a commemorative stamp in his honor on May 1, 1975.
Munirah Chronicle is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry
“The TRUTH shall make you free”
1779 – Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, an explorer of African descent,
from Santo Domingo (Haiti), builds the first permanent
settlement at the mouth of the river, just east of the present
Michigan Avenue Bridge on the north bank, of what is now the
city of Chicago, Illinois.
Chicago, Chi-town. My aunt describe Chicago as “Chi-town, no other like it” in describing her home.
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Happy Birthday Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
January 15, 1929 to April 4, 1968
Our nation will celebrate Dr Martin Luther King Jr. Day on the first convenient Monday that means if his birthday doesn’t fall on a Monday it will be the next Monday. I am so proud that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. has a holiday. His holiday is a well deserved holiday as one of those great men who have historically changed America.
Sammy Davis Jr Happy Birthday
1925 – Samuel George “Sammy” Davis Jr. is born in New York City. He will
begin his career at the age of four in vaudeville, performing
with his father. Sammy will star on Broadway in “Mr. Wonderful”
and in movies with “Porgy and Bess”, “Ocean’s Eleven,” and “Robin
and the Seven Hoods.” He will release over 40 albums and will
win many gold records. He will be awarded the Spingarn Medal by
the NAACP and nominated for a Golden Globe Award and an Emmy
Award for his television performances. He will be the recipient
of the Kennedy Center Honors in 1987, and in 2001, he will be
posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. He
will join the ancestors on May 16, 1990 after succumbing to throat
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Montgomery Bus Boycott
December 5, 1955 was the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The boycott was a social and political protest against racial segregation in Montgomery, Alabama bus system. This was a very important action of Black solidarity the Monday after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus. Did you know, Rosa Parks history included being told by white bus driver to board at the back then he drove off without letting her through back door. Yes, Rosa Parks had that experience of being treated poorly like others and probably many more experiences that destined her action.
Before the boycott, Blacks were to sit in the back of the bus and had to give up their seat if a white person needed one. Some white drivers mistreated their Black passengers and would short-change them and leave them stranded. Some believe the bus drivers acted this way because of the Brown vs Board of Education leading some to join the White Citizens Council(white supremacists). Another example of concerted racial efforts is the Jim Crow laws, the bus ridership was 75% Black but the bus system did not employ Black drivers.
A federal law suit filed in U. S. District Court ruled that “the enforced segregation of black and white passengers on motor buses operating in the City of Montgomery violates the Constitution and laws of the United States” because the conditions deprived people of equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment (Wikipedia). On June 13, 1956, the U. S. District Court ordered Alabama and Montgomery from continuing to operate segregated buses. Of course, the decision was appealed by the state and city and heard in the Supreme Court. On November 13, 1956 the Supreme Court upheld District Court ruling and ordered Alabama and Montgomery to desegregate the bus system. It was not upheld until on December 20, 1956 when federal Marshalls delivered the order to desegregate.
Happy Birthday Hiram Rhodes Revels
Hiram R. Revels, is born free in Fayetteville, North Carolina, September 27, 1822. He will become a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), a Republican politician, and college administrator. He will live and work in Ohio, where he will vote before the Civil War. He will be elected as the first African American to serve in the United States Senate, and will be the first African American to serve in the U.S.Congress. He will represent Mississippi in the Senate in 1870 and 1871 during the Reconstruction era. During the American Civil War, he will help to organize two regiments of the United States Colored Troops and serve as a chaplain. After serving in the Senate, he will be appointed as the first president of Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College (now Alcorn State University), 1871-1873 and 1876 to 1882. He will then serve again as a minister. He will join the ancestors on January 16, 1901.
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“The TRUTH shall make you free”