Black History June 2

1899 – African Americans observe a day of fasting called by the National Afro-American Council to protest lynchings and racial massacres.

Wikipedia excerpt: National Afro-American Council

The National Afro-American Council, the first nationwide civil rights organization in the United States, was created in 1898 in Rochester, New York. Before its dissolution a decade later, the Council provided both the first national arena for discussion of critical issues for African Americans and a training ground for some of the nation’s most famous civil rights leaders in the 1910s, 1920s, and beyond.

First FREE Breakfast Progam

The Breakfast Program started in 1969 because there was a need to feed children before school.  Who started the first program to feed children before school?  The Black Panther Party for Self Defense was found in October 1961.  Black Panther Party was co-founded by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale to address police brutality in the Black community of Oakland, Ca.  From History website: The program was simple: party members and volunteers went to local grocery stores to solicit donations, consulted with nutritionists on healthful breakfast. That started with a handful of kids and increased to hundreds.  Other Black Panther Party offices in different parts of the country adopted the Breakfast Program too and was successful. 

The Black Panther Party did not receive credit for the positive effort to feed children breakfast before school.  Media and the powers-that-be wanted to paint the Black Panther Party in the worst light possible generating fear of Black men with large Afros and guns shouting “Black Power.” The head of the FBI, J Edgar Hoover, declared war on the Black Panther Party and stated the Breakfast Program is, “… potentially the greatest threat to efforts by authorities to neutralize the BPP and destroy what it stands for,” and allowed law enforcement to destroy the program. The Breakfast Program was so successful the government initiated breakfast program shortly after the demise of the Black Panther Party Breakfast Program.

Today in Black History February 1st

1810 – Charles Lenox Remond is born in Salem, Massachusetts to free

                parents. He will become one of the most prominent of the

                African American abolitionist crusaders. Charles Remond will

                begin his activism in opposition to slavery while in his

                twenties as an orator speaking at public gatherings and

                conferences in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine, New York

                and Pennsylvania. In 1838 the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery

                Society, will choose him as one of its agents. As a delegate

                from the American Anti-Slavery Society, he will go with William

                Lloyd Garrison to the World’s Anti-Slavery Convention in London

                in 1840. He will have a reputation as an eloquent lecturer and

                reported to be the first Black public speaker on abolition.

                He will recruit Black soldiers in Massachusetts for the Union

                Army during the Civil War, particularly for the famed 54th and

                55th Massachusetts Infantry. He will also be active in recruiting

                for the U.S. Colored Troops. After the Civil War ends, he will

                work as a clerk in the Boston Customs House, and as a street lamp

                inspector. He will later purchase a farm in South Reading (now

                Wakefield), Massachusetts. He will join the ancestors on December

                22, 1873.

1810 – The first insurance company managed by African Americans, the

                American Insurance Company of Philadelphia, is established.

1833 – Henry McNeal Turner is born in Newberry Courthouse, South Carolina.  

                He will become one of the first Bishops in the African American

                Episcopal Church. He will also be an army chaplain, political

                organizer, magazine editor, and college chancellor. He will be

                inspired by a Methodist revival and swear to become a pastor. In

                1858, he will transfer his membership to the African Methodist

                Church and study the classics, Hebrew and divinity at Trinity

                College. During the American Civil War, he will be appointed a

                Chaplain to one of the first Federal regiments of Black troops

                (Company B of the First United States Colored Troops). He will be

                the first of only 14 Black Chaplains to be appointed during the

                Civil War. This appointment will come directly from President

                Abraham Lincoln in 1863. He will also be appointed by President

                Andrew Johnson to work with the Freedman’s Bureau in Georgia during

                Reconstruction. Following the Civil War, he will become steadily

                more disenchanted with the lack of progress in the status of the

                country’s African Americans. During this time, he will move to the

                state of Georgia. It is here that he will become involved in Radical

                Republican politics. He will help found the Republican Party of

                Georgia. After attempts to overcome certain Supreme Court decisions,

                he will become disgusted and end his attempts to bring equality to

                the United States. Instead, he will become a proponent of the “back

                to Africa” and “African American colonization” movements. He will

                travel to Africa and be impressed by the differences in the attitude

                of Africans who have never known the degradation of slavery. He will

                organize four annual conferences in Africa. In 1880, he will become a

                bishop in the African Methodist Episcopal Church. He will write

                extensively about the Civil war and about the condition of his

                parishioners. He will be highly regarded in the Afro-American and the

                Afro-Canadian community and a large number of churches will be

named  in his honor. He will join the ancestors on May 8, 1915 while

visiting  Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

1865 – John S. Rock becomes the first African American attorney allowed  

              practice before the United States Supreme Court. Due to his poor health,

                he never actually argued a case before the court, succumbing to

                tuberculosis at the age of 41.

1865 – President Abraham Lincoln approves the Joint Resolution of Congress

                submitting the proposed 13th amendment, abolishing slavery, to the

state legislatures for ratification.

1870 – Jonathan Jasper Wright is elected to the South Carolina Supreme Court.

*******************************************************

The source for these facts are “Encyclopedia Britannica,

“Before the Mayflower”, “Black Firsts” and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, I.

Today in Black History January 27

1869 – William Mercer Cook (later Will Marion Cook), who will
become a noted composer and conductor, is born in
Washington, DC. Beginning study of the violin at age 13,
at 15 he will win a scholarship to study at the Oberlin
Conservatory. Among other accomplishments, he will
introduce syncopated ragtime to New York City
theatergoers in his operetta “Clorinda.” In 1890, he
will become director of a chamber orchestra touring the
East Coast. He will prepare Scenes from the Opera of
Uncle Tom’s Cabin for performance. The performance, which
is to take place at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893, is
cancelled. “Clorindy; or, The Origin of the Cakewalk” —
a musical sketch comedy in collaboration with Paul
Laurence Dunbar — is the next piece he will compose, in
1898. It will be the first all-Black show to play in a
prestigious Broadway house, Casino Theatre’s Roof Garden.
After this period, he will be composer-in-chief and
musical director for the George Walker-Bert Williams
Company. As he continues to write, he will produce many
successful musicals. Best known for his songs, he will
use folk elements in an original and distinct manner.
Many of these songs will first appear in his musicals.
The songs will be written for choral groups or for solo
singers. Some are published in “A Collection of Negro
Songs” (1912). Later in his career, he will be an active
choral and orchestral conductor. He will produce several
concerts and organize many choral societies in both New
York and in Washington, DC. The New York Syncopated
Orchestra, that he creates, will tour the United States
in 1918 and then go to England in 1919 for a command
performance for King George V. Among his company will be
assistant director Will Tyers, jazz clarinetist Sidney
Bechet, and Cook’s wife, Abbie Mitchell. One of his last
shows will be “Swing Along” (1929), written with Will
Vodery. He will join the ancestors on July 19, 1944.

1894 – Frederick Douglass ‘Fritz’ Pollard is born in Chicago,
Illinois. He will become a football star at Brown
University in 1915 and lead them to the first Rose Bowl
game, played on January 1, 1916. This will make him the
first African American to play in the Rose Bowl. He will
also become the first African American named an All-American.
After leaving Brown University, he will become one of the
first African Americans to play professional football and
will become the first African American quarterback and the
first African American head coach, both with the NFL Akron
Indians. When the NFL bans African American players from
its ranks in 1933, Pollard will organize the first African
American professional football team, the Brown Bombers of
Harlem. After fifteen years in professional football,
Pollard will establish the first all African American
investment company in the country, and run New York City’s
first African American tabloid newspaper. He will also be
involved in the production of some of America’s first
all-African American movies. He will join the ancestors on
May 11, 1986.

1914 – The United States Marines disembark from the USS Montana in
Haiti. This occupation becomes official on July 28, 1915 on
the authority of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson and will
continue until 1934. Americans will serve as officials of
the Haitian government and control its finances, police
force, and public works.

1930 – Robert Calvin Brooks (Bobby ‘Blue’ Bland) is born in Rosemark,
Tennessee. He will become a singer and start his career as
a member of The Beale Streeters with Johnny Ace. He will
become a solo artist with the Malaco label and record “That’s
the Way Love Is,” “Call on Me,” “Turn on Your Love Light,”
and “Ain’t Nothin’ You Can Do.” Along with such artists as
Sam Cooke, Ray Charles, and Junior Parker, he will develope
a sound that mixes gospel with the Blues and Rhythm & Blues.
He will be inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1981, the
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992, and receive the Grammy
Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997. He will join the
ancestors on June 23, 2013.

1942 – John Weatherspoon (later John Witherspoon) is born in Detroit,
Michigan. He will become an actor and comedian who will
perform in dozens of television shows and films. Best known
for his role as Willie Jones for the Friday series, he will
also star in films such as Hollywood Shuffle (1987),
Boomerang (1992) and Vampire In Brooklyn (1995). He will
also make appearances on television shows such as The Wayans
Bros. (1995–99), The Tracy Morgan Show (2003), Barnaby Jones
(1973), The Boondocks (2005–present), The Five Heartbeats
(1991) and Black Jesus (2014). He will write a film, From
the Old School, in which he will play an elderly working
man who tries to prevent a neighborhood convenience store
from being developed into a strip club. He will join the
ancestors on October 29, 2019 at the age of 77.

1952 – Ralph Ellison’s powerful novel “Invisible Man” wins the
National Book Award.

1961 – Leontyne Price makes her debut at the Metropolitan Opera
House in New York City. She sings in the role of Leonora
in “Il Trovatore”. Price is the seventh African American
singer to make a debut at the Met. Marian Anderson will be
the first in 1955.

1972 – Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer, joins the ancestors in
Evergreen Park, Illinois at the age of 60. Born in New
Orleans, Louisiana, she began her singing career with the
Salem Baptist Choir in Chicago, Illinois. She achieved
national fame with her recording of “Move on Up A Little
Higher,” which sold over a million copies. Many considered
her rich contralto voice the best in gospel music.

1972 – In Columbia, South Carolina, the white and African American
United Methodist conferences of South Carolina — separated
since the Civil War — vote in their respective meetings to
adopt a plan of union.

1984 – Carl Lewis betters his own two-year-old record by 9-1/4
inches when he sets a new, world, indoor-record with a long
jump mark of 28 feet, 10-1/4 inches in New York City.

1984 – Singer Michael Jackson’s hair catches on fire during the
filming of a Pepsi commercial in Los Angeles at the Shrine
Auditorium. Pyrotechnics did not operate on cue, injuring
the singer. Jackson is hospitalized for a few days and fans
from around the world send messages of concern.

2016 – Alyce Dixon, the oldest female veteran of World War II, joins
the ancestors at the Washington DC Veteran Affairs Medical
Center at the age of 108. She served in the postal service
as part of the 6888th Battalion in Scotland, England and
France. After leaving the Army in 1946, she will work for
the Census Bureau and the Pentagon, where she served as a
purchasing agent. She will retire from government service in
1973.

Munirah Chronicle is edited by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry
“The TRUTH shall make you free”

Assault of Democracy by President Trump

It’s a pretty bad day when world leaders denounce your behavior. President Trump is accused of starting a insurrection.

What is a insurrection?

Merriam Webster says its an act or instance of revolting against civil authority or an established government.

President Trump has been relentless in pursuing the change of elections results across the country. The day came to certify the electoral votes in Congress and there was obvious plans to protest the process inside and out. As a American citizen I am appalled by the actions of this President and the insurrection actions by his supporters. I thought that was wrong but to see the confederate flag in this melee breaks my heart. The symbol of racism and danger for any Black American whose history includes slavery was waving in the air with white pride on display for the world to see. Racism in American is a live and well and thriving under President Trump.

Sytematic Racism

As the year 2020 is coming to an end we should stay on course to change and break down systems that exist that holds Black Americans from success. This is the time to come together as a race that has endured slave history, fought for “civil” rights that are granted others but not us and the right to be successful. Activist Michelle Alexander, author of “The New Jim Crow” explains a system in place to disenfranchise the Black man.

December 13th in Black History

December 13, 1903 – Ella Baker is born in Norfolk, Virginia. A civil rights worker who will direct the New York branch of the NAACP,     Baker will become executive director of the Southern      Christian Leadership Conference in the 1960’s during student integration of lunch counters in the southern states. She also will play a key role in the formation    of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and its     voter registration drive in Mississippi. She will join the ancestors on December 13, 1986 in New York City.

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